How to Auto Mount Netgear ReadyShare in Linux

How to Auto Mount Netgear ReadyShare in Linux

I have a Netgear N900 WNDR3700v3 Wirless Dual Band Router, with ReadyShare. I have a USB External Hard drive attached to the router (ReadyShare) and wanted to have the USB Drive attached to the router Auto mount the drive at bootup. I accomplished this by inserting a line in my /etc/fstab file. I tried several different methods and now of them worked with Linux Mint 17 Here is what I did to solve the problem.

1. I made a directory called Public, by opening a terminal press ctrl + alt + T then type the following

sudo mkdir /media/public

Linux Mint 17 mounts the drives in /media, The /pubic is where the ReadyShare drive which is called USB_Storage, will be mounted

2. I then opened a Editor to edit the fstab file in the terminal type

sudo gedit /etc/fstab This will open the editor with Elevated privileges.

3. At the bottom of the fstab file place a line like this:

# Auto Mount Netgear ReadyShare USB_Storage drive

//192.168.1.1/USB_Storage /media/public cifs user,guest,sec=ntlm,uid=your user name goes here 0 0

Explanation:

//192.168.1.1 Rather than use The Lable ReadyShare I used The IP address of the router instead.

/USB_Storage The name that Netgear assigns to the directory on the readyshare drive.

/media/public The mounted drive so I can access the drive on the left in my home directory public is what I click on to create, Delete, Read or write files and directories.

cifs is the file system

“sec” is the security mode and determines how passwords are encrypted between server and client ( even if you don’t require passwords ).

ntlm used to be the default, things change and in some cases the new one has to be used ntlmssp most NAS drives are from the old school and have to use the old one ntlm

uid this is where you put your user name.

A few other things. Samba or cifs utils has to be installed the # pound sign in fstab means remark and is not read when the file is executed. You put it ahead of any remarks in the file. Hope this helps someone.

Mel

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Streaming from Computer with Netgear, Roku, and Linux

Streaming from Computer with Netgear, Roku, and Linux

I wanted to Stream my own music collection, Family Photo’s and Home Movies from my Computer to my Big Screen TV in another room. My computer is a Home Brewed one with a AMD 64 CPU, 4GB of Ram, and a 500GB Hard Drive, Running Linux Mint 17. I have a 3 Terabyte USB External Hard drive for storage, and a 120 GB USB External Hard Drive hooked to the USB Port on my Netgear 900N WNRD3700v3 Wireless router. I Bought a Roku Streaming Stick to hook to my TV. I have my computer hooked to a Lan (Local Area Network) and a couple of other computers hooked to it Wirelessly through the Netgear Router. The Roku Found my Network and I was able to hook to the Internet and stream movies from the Internet to my Big Screen TV in another room.

The problem was I wanted to stream Home Movies, Photo’s and My Music Collection stored on my computer. To do that I needed a server Like Plex, Roksbox, and Apache. I downloaded Plex, only to find out that after 30 days I would have to pay and found out that Rocksbox was probably the same. Then when I tried Plex I could not get it to recognize my music, Photos, or home movies. To many problems trying to setup Plex or Roksbox and my collections so they could access and read contents of my collections.

I then installed Apache2 From the Linux repo’s. I got it to work partway, but Could not get it configured so that Roku could see it. I did not want it to go onto the Internet and just wanted it to act as a server for Roku and my computer on the Lan. I was about to give up when I remembered that the Netgear router had something called “ReadyShare” “USB_Storage” and that Roku Found on my Local Network. I took a 120 GB USB External Hard drive and hooked to the USB Port on the router. I then copied 3 folders called Movies, Music, and Photos to it. Put part of my Music collection in Music and several family pictures with jpg format in Photos. Then in my Roku from the TV I choose a Free Roku Channel to stream from my ReadyShare on the router. Roku found ReadyShare and USB_Storage and in USB_Storage it found the Folders that I had put on the drive. I selected The Music folder and Viola I was streaming music from my music collection. I did the same with my photo’s and looked at several family Photos.

I now need to put a line in my FSTAB so that the External USB Drive on ReadyShare will load when I boot the computer. This is so I can add more Media. It is not necessary to do that once you have all of the media on the ReadyShare USB_Storage drive, as Roku will see it on the lan without having to add anything to FSTAB. Maybe someday I will get Apache2 working so I can Stream from my computers Hard drive and my big USB3 External Drive. This would be faster because the USB Port on the Router is only USB2 and my Network card in the computer is GigaHertz so that should be faster. I could download movies and stream them from my computer. By the way ReadyShare calls the hard drive USB_Storage.

Mel

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Dual Boot Windows 8.1 with Linux Grub (Boot Order) HP Laptop

Windows 8.1 and Linux Boot Order on HP Laptop

I installed Linux Mint on a New HP 17-117DX Pavilion with Windows 8.1 and UEFI. I covered the installation in a previous Blog Post so won’t cover the installation here. I wanted Linux Mint as the default and Grub 2 as the boot manager.

What follows is my experience and what worked for me. I tried many different suggestions from Forums and Others. I am now able to boot with Linux Mint 17 as my default OS and Grub 2 as my boot manager. Boot up Brings up Grub 2, and boots the Default, Linux Mint after 10 second, Without having to press a key..

ASSUMPTIONS

It is assumed that you have a working knowledge of Windows 8 or 8.1 and The basics of Linux commands, and that you have one of the newer HP Laptops with UEFI and Windows 8 or 8.1 Pre installed.

Also a linux UEFI Aware distro (Mint, Ubuntu, Fedora, Suse) that is already installed

Most of the newer HP Laptops have some sort of a “recovery feature” that is hard coded into the system and on every boot sets Windows 8.1 back as the default OS to boot. Until HP releases an updated UEFI that allows turning this “feature” off or allowing the change of boot order, without reverting back to windows as the default. We will have to use a work around to solve the problem.

Thanks to GreatEmerald in the HP Forums, I was able to Solve my problem by making a few changes to his excellent tutorial to meet my needs.

1. In Linux copy the file /boot/efi//EFI/Microsoft/Boot/bootmgfw.efi to use some other name (for example, I copied it to “/boot/efi/EFI/Microsoft/Boot/bootmgfwM.efi, but you can change the name to anything else).

2. Restart your computer in Windows. At the Windows Admin Command Prompt, update the Windows UEFI entry to point to the new name: (type it exactly as shown)

bcdedit /set {bootmgr} path \EFI\Microsoft\Boot\bootmgfwM.efi (adapt to your set name accordingly).

3. Optionally, change the name of the Windows boot loader so that you would be certain that it points to the new file location: (type Exactly as shown)

bcdedit /set {bootmgr} description “Fixed Windows path”

3a “Fixed Windows Path” is what will be shown in Grub or the boot order F9 when you boot up.

4. I assume that Linux was already installed, but if not Install it. In my case the bootloader was installed into /boot/efi/EFI/ubuntu/grubx64.efi.

5. Delete the two files, /boot/efi/EFI/Microsoft/Boot/bootmgfw.efi and /boot/efi/EFI/Boot/bootx64.efi.

6. Use efibootmgr to delete the “OS boot Manager” entry: sudo efibootmgr -b 0000 -B

7.Set the new OS bootloader to be the default bootloader by using efibootmgr with the -o option. In my case, I had an entry called “Ubuntu” in slot Boot0001 and the updated path Windows entry in slot Boot0002, so I had to do sudo efibootmgr -o 0001,0002 I then made one more change. I edited

/etc/grub.d/40_custom and inserted the following.

menuentry “Windows (UEFI)” {

search –set=root –file /EFI/Microsoft/Boot/bootmgfwM.efi

chainloader /EFI/Microsoft/Boot/bootmgfwM.efi

}

Now when I boot up I get the grub menu and can choose windows 8.1, Linux Mint, or Ubuntu. I have room to add a few more distro’s that are UEFI Aware.

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Linux, Windows 8.1, Dual Boot, UEFI, and a HP Laptop

My Experience with a HP Laptop, Linux, Windows 8.1, and UEFI

I bought a new HP Pavilion Laptop a HP17-117DX with Windows 8.1 preinstalled, a GPT Vol Partitioned and UEFI. I wont go into details about GPT and UEFI except to say that there are many articles about them and what they are. First off The newer HP Laptops come this way with secure boot, and Fast Startup enabled. If you are going to Dual Boot with Linux there are a few things you need to do first.

1. Choose a Linux Distribution that already supports UEFI, such as (Mint, Fedora, SuSe, and Ubuntu) these are some of the ones that do.

2. Disable Fast Startup, and Secure Boot.

3. Resize the Windows partition using Gparted (Linux) or Disc Manager (Windows) I would resize and then make 3 Linux partitions in the resized partition. (root, swap. and home). Since the The hard disc is GPT Partition managed, You can make all of your partitions Primary. There is no 4 primary partition limit with GPT. All of my Partitions are Primary Partitions Ext4. You can have hard drives bigger than 2 Terabytes if you want. Just some of the advantage of GPT.

4 . Boot up the Laptop, and press (esc + F9) keys while booting or whatever key is required to get to the boot order. You may have to go into the Bios (F10) in my case. Choose USB or DVD/CD whatever Media, your Linux is on.

5. install Linux to the partitions that you made in the resized partition. If everything goes OK, Then after the install you can boot up and press whatever key to bring up the boot order and you should see your distro. (if using Mint it will say Ubuntu) Choose that and you should be good to go.

There is no easy way with a newer HP Laptop to make Linux the default. Forget all of the Boot managers as none of them will do the trick, and some will Bork your system. With Newer HP Pavilion laptops, as soon as you change the boot order using a boot manager, at the first boot windows will become the default OS again. This is Hard Coded into the system. There is a work around, but it will have to wait for my next post in my blog.

The install with Linux Mint 17 Cinnamon went without a hitch. Since Linux Mint is my Primary OS, I did manage to do a work around to make it the default after much reading and trial and error and borking my HP Laptop a couple of times. Hopefully HP will get the word and will change it so that there is a switch or something so that the boot order can be changed without going back to Windows on the next boot. If you don’t mind pressing a key at bootup to get a different OS then you need not do anything else..

Mel

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HP Pavilion 17-e117dx Laptop Review

Review of HP Pavilion 17-e117dx Laptop

I purchased a new HP Pavilion Laptop with 17.3 inch screen 2 weeks ago. Here are the spec’s and my impressions of it.

Intel Core i3-3130M 2.60 GHz processor (1600 MHz FSB, 3.0 MB L3 cache, dual core, 35 W),

17.3 in, high-definition+ (HD+), white light-emitting diode (WLED), BrightView (1600×900), wedge (6.0 mm), SVA, typical brightness 200 nits, 16:9 ultra wide aspect ratio, Intel HD Graphics 4000

4 GB of Ram upgradeable to 8 GB, 750 GB serial ATA Hard Drive, SATA DVD±RW Double Layer Super Multi Drive, 802.11b/g/n WiFi Adapter, HDMI v1.4 supporting up to 1920×1080 @ 60Hz ,

RJ-45 (Ethernet) , 1 HDMI Port, Two USB 3.0 ports, one USB 2.0 port , VGA (Dsub 15 pin) supporting: Keyboard/pointing devices , 1920×1600 external resolution @ 60 Hz , 2048×1536 @ 75Hz (computer models equipped with an Intel processor only) , Hot plug and unplug Auto detection for correct output to wide-aspect versus standard aspect video , Full-size, island-style keyboard with numeric keypad in black or white finish, 6 cell, 47 Wh, 2.80 Ah, Li-ion battery. Windows 8.1 pre-installed. UEFI Hard Drive with GPT

Pros

Bright View LED 17.3 inch Screen backlit. It is light weight for the screen size weighing in at only 6.3 Lbs. Cheap $360 to $399 depending on where you buy it. HP Cool Sense technology adjusts its temperature based on usage and conditions. It stays cool. You stay comfortable. HDMI port which I use to hook to my Sanyo 26 inch HDTV. I use it as a Monitor. I installed another 4GB ram making a total of 8 GB. I also installed Linux Mint 17 Cinnamon LTS version 2 64 Bit which supports the UEFI (bios) that this laptop uses. So far I am happy with my purchase, But there are little things that I don’t like.

Cons

The only lights on the top of the deck are the power, Mute, caps lock, and the wireless lights. they are very very small pin holes. The hard drive and power lights are on the left hand side, and hard to see during daylight. The AC adapter light is on the right hand side next to the adapter port. along with the RJ-45 port light. There is no light for the CD/DVD drive. No Blue Tooth which I don’t use anyway. Fast Boot should be called by another name because it is like hibernate and stores some of the info at shut down so it will boot up faster. Shut Down is slow with Fast Boot enabled. Secure boot when enabled will not allow you to boot with a CD/DVD that does not have UEFI / EFI on it. There is a legacy item in the bios but secure boot has to be disabled to use it. HP makes it all but impossible to have a Linux OS as the default OS at boot up, You have to press a key or combination of keys at boot to choose the OS you want to boot. Win 8.1 is the default hard coded in the system. Hopefully they will change this with a UEFI (Bios) Update.

All in all I am happy with my purchase, in spite of the cons. I can live with it as long as it does what I need to do. It is not a gaming machine but you can play some games on it. It is not real fast and Windows 8 takes some getting use to. I use Linux Mint 17 as my primary OS and can always remove windows 8.1 and just use Linux instead of dual booting. Both OS’s for me are smooth running and have a decent speed for what I do.

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Gmail and Thunderbird Email Client Problems

 

Gmail and Mozilla Thunderbird Email Client

I have used Mozilla Thunderbird Email Client for over 10 years. I have 5 different email address’s and find it is more convenient for me to use a email client instead of web mail which I dislike and only use when I have no other choice. I have used My Gmail account and address for many years with Thunderbird without any problems until the other day when I changed my password in Gmail. That is when my problems began.

It appears that Google mail has a conspiracy against Email Clients and wants control over your email forcing you to use Google mails web mail instead of a email client. They want you to use Web Mail instead of Pop3 or Imap claiming Email clients are unsecure, which is a crock. They claim on their help site that you can use pop3 or imap by going in settings and changing them to use less secure apps for gmail. The problem is you cannot find where to change it so you can use pop3 or Imap. They have made it very very difficult if not impossible to use a email client. I have pop3 enabled in the settings and have followed the directions to restore my gmail to use pop3. No Joy, I have fought this problem for 3 days now and am going to give up on Gmail. I am changing all of my gmail address’s to a yahoo address and am having all my gmail forwarded to the same. As soon as I get all of my newsletters changed to my Yahoo address, I will be dropping Gmail and am thinking of dumping everything Google including Facebook, Twitter, and Picasa.

I have already switched to Pinterest and Photo Bucket for my photos and Social Networking. I will probably switch my blogger accounts to wordpress. I welcome your comments.

Mel

 

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My 7 Favorite Linux Distros

I have been using Linux off and on since the early 90’s Mostly for something to play with up until about 2004 when I started to get serious about using it. It seems like I have to test just about every new Linux OS (distribution) in Linux Speak or (distro) looking for the perfect one. I have downloaded Hundreds of Distros over the years and burned 1000’s of DVD/CD’s. I am still searching for the perfect Distro. They all have there good and weak points. so here are a list of my Seven Favorite Linux Distro’s.

1. The number one Linux Distro for me is Linux Mint 16 Hands down. It is by far one of the easiest to install and is stable with just about everything that I need. It is based on Debian and Ubuntu. I have used it ever since Ubuntu came out with Unity desktop. The only thing I fault it with is the fact that it uses Ubuntu Repositories instead of its own, And the fact that I cannot use my Tax software on it. Other than that it is almost the perfect Linux Distro for me. I would recommend it to anyone New or Experianced user for everyday use.

2. Debian 7.3 What can I say, It’s been around for a long time and the majority of Distro’s are based on some part of it. It is very stable and secure if set up correctly. It is not cutting edge nor does it use some of the latest Tech. But as the saying goes “Haste makes waste” so even if it is slower adopting some of the newer tech It is still stable and secure.

3. LXLE is based on Lubuntu with a Lxde Desktop. One of the only distro’s to run on my old Toshiba Laptop with out problems. It is Light weight and does not take a lot of resources. Very good distro for older computers and laptops. easy to learn and install. Very nice artwork and wallpaper.

4. Ubuntu 13.10 and 12.04 I have been using Ubuntu ever since it first came out when I dropped Suse in Favor of Ubuntu. I used it for my main distro until Ubuntu came out with the Unity desktop when I switched to Mint. IMHO (in my humble opinion) Ubuntu has done more than any other Linux Distro to advance linux and bring it to the masses. It is still a good Distro and has made great strides in the industry.

5. Bodhi uses the Ubuntu 12.04 LTS (long term support) and the E-17 Enlightenment Desktop. Totally different in its modular type construction using modules. It is different although somewhat buggy and hard at first to get used to. The more I experiment with it the more I like it. It is complicated to set the screen resolution and I fault it for that. A lot of different Icons and things don’t work when clicked on. Stunning Grapics and desktop very configureable. 

6. Suse I used it for many years as my main linux distro. I alsway bought the commercial versions and used it unti about version 10 when I had a major crash and lost 6 months of work. (backup did not work) I then switched to Ubuntu. Never did like RPM package manager even with Yast. I still have fond memories of Suse and still try it out from time to time. But much prefer Apt.

7. Mandrake It was one of my first distro’s successfully installed on my old 386 computer. It is no longer called Mandrake and has forked a couple of times. To me the forkes are not the same as the old Mandrake and it uses RPM so I don’t use it. Still I have fond memories.

I have tried and used many Linux Distro’s Still searching for the perfect (for me) Distro. I have to keep a copy of Windows for my Tax software. Otherwise I would not use Windows 7 at all. I only use it to keep it updated and to do my tax’s.

Mel

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